The Fighting 60s: 62 Group

I have been sent an article Steve Silver wrote  on the militant anti-fascist organisation the 62 Group for Searchlight in 2002. I’m more than happy to put up articles on the Anti-Fascist Archive and if you have any please send them to me.

He talks about the origins of the 62 Group and it’s familiarities with the 43 Group from the 1940s. The 62 Group was also largely made up of working class Jews and it’s main opponents were Mosley’s fascists but also the future leaders of the fascist movement: Colin Jordan’s and John Tyndall’s group the Nationalist Socialist Movement.

Silver’s article contains a large amount of eyewitness accounts and photographs.

To download the article click here.

To find out more on the 43 Group pick up fantastic book by Morris Beckman – 43 Group: Battling with Mosley’s Blackshirts.

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Fascism and anti-fascism in 1930s Manchester

Manchester's Radical History

The following article on Fascist leader Oswald Mosley’s humiliation by anti-fascists at Belle Vue is reproduced by kind permission of Manchester University’s Centre for Jewish Studies, and is by Michael Wolf of the anti-fascist periodical Searchlight. The introduction to the article is based on an article by Yaakov Wise, also on the CJS website.

One of Manchester’s most unpleasant claims to fame is its connections to Sir Oswald Mosley, the founder of the British Union of Fascists and supporter of Hitler and Mussolini. Mosley Street in Manchester city centre is named after his family – although not after Oswald Mosley himself. Early meetings of BUF were held in Hyndman Hall on Liverpool Street in Salford and rallies held at Queen’s Park in Harpurhey.

In 1933 a BUF meeting at the Free Trade Hall descended into rioting between fascists and anti-fascist communists and was broken up by police…

View original post 1,094 more words

Undertones: Anti-Fascism and the Far-Right in Ireland 1945-2012

Anti-Fascist Action Ireland, related to AFA which existed in Britain, celebrated its 21st Birthday last weekend with a number of events including the launch of its pamphlet Undertones: Anti-Fascism and the Far-Right in Ireland 1945-2012.

The 100 page pamphlet has been well produced, the cover, design and colour images are excellent. Brunch Crew in Berlin help with the publishing by hosting a benefit gig in February 2012. O’Reilly, AFA Ireland and everyone who helped in the production should be proud.

The pamphlet is split into two sections: firstly, a chronological history of fascism in Ireland from 1945 to the late 90s and the second section details the origins and history of AFA Ireland through stories of events and actions. Another good aspect to the book is that O’Reilly has fully referenced all his research and claims.

This first section gives a fantastically detailed and researched history, with names, dates and addresses; yet it is easy to read and follow the chronology of the faces and groups on the far-right in Ireland. It begins with  Ailtiri na hAiseirghe in the 1940s and flows through to the National Socialist Irish Workers Party in the 1970s and the Irish fascist links to groups in the North of Ireland in the 90s.

It is in this section that O’Reilly argues that it was an IRA unit who burnt down Oswald Mosley‘s County Galway mansion in an unsanctioned operation; in previous literature it has been described as an accident (p. 7).

Its not solely Irish fascists who are detailed but also their international connections to British fascists, Mosley; American, George Lincoln Rockwell; German, Otto Strasser; plus more. After reading the section Ireland is painted as Europe’s “Argentina”.

The second section begins with the origins of AFA Ireland and ends with their most recent activity. It describes the politicisation of the young punks who would later become the founding members through Nazi stickering and a strike a the Dunnes Stores, Dublin.

The section then progresses through 25 stories of activity against the likes of David Irving, Le Pen, Immigration Control Platform, Czech neo-Nazis and anti-drugs activity.

I highly recommend buying the book. A steal at €6! Visit the AFA Ireland site and send them an email.

Here is a picture of the plaque AFA Ireland unveiled on Connolly Books, Dublin as part of its birthday celebration:

A mural to local man Bob Doyle, IRA volunteer and International Brigader, was unveiled outside The Cobblestone in Smithfield, Dublin as part of the event too.

A fantastic photo of Doyle:

Academic Works and Articles

This will be a list of academic studies which will be of interest to those wanting to study militant anti-fascism.

If you have written an essay which is of good quality or contains original research please email: antifascistarchive@gmail.com.

Essays not written by academics

On the Principles of Political Violence and the Case of Anti-Fascist Action (The Archivist, 2012)

“Taking It Back, Making It Strong!”: The Boundary Establishment And Maintenance Practices Of A Montréal Anti-Racist Skinhead Gang

The National Front and British National Party on Merseyside. A Geography of Political Extremism

Blackshirts in Red Scotland: an analysis of fascism and its opponents in inter-war Scotland

Articles on Anti-Fascism
1920-1945

Communists and the Inter-War Anti-Fascist Struggle in the United States and Britain (Copsey, 2011)

Anti-Fascist Activity in Manchester’s Jewish Community (Gewirtz)

1946 – 1959

“Class Before Race”: British Communism and the Place of Empire in Postwar Race Relations (Smith, 2008)

1960 – 1979

Conflicting Narratives of Black Youth Rebellion in Modern Britain (Smith)

A Bulwark Diminished: The Communist Party, the SWP and anti-fascism in the 1970s. (Smith)

Bridging the Gap: The British Communist Party and the limits of the state in tackling racism (Smith)

Are the Kids United? The Communist Party of Great Britain, Rock Against Racism and the Politics of Youth Culture (Smith)

1968 – Too Little and Too Late? The Communist Party and Race Relations in the Late 1960s (Smith, 2008)

When the Party Comes Down: The CPGB and Youth Culture, 1976-1991 (Smith)

Witness Seminar: Anti-Fascism in 1970s Huddersfield (2006)

1980 – date

Anti-Fascist Action: Radical Resistance or Rent-a-Mob? (Hayes and Alyward, 2000)

Marching Altogether? Football fans taking a stand against racism (Thomas, 2010)

When the Whites When Marching In: Racism and Resistance in English Football (Greenfield and Osborn, 1996)

Glasgow Celtic Fans, Political Culture and the Tiocfaidh Ar La Fanzine: Some Comments and a Content Analysis (Hayes, 2006)

The Limits of National Memory: Anti-Fascism, The Holocaust and the Fosse Ardeatine Memorial in 1990s Italy (Clifford, 2008)

Neo-Nazism, Holocaust Denial and UK Law (Cohn-Sherbok, 2010)

Choosing Social Justice over Hate Two Stories of Community Success in the Pacific Northwest (Stewart, 2010)

The Politics and Culture of FC St. Pauli: from leftism, through antiestablishment, to commercialization (Petra Daniel & Christos Kassimeris, 2013)

‘The birthplace of Italian communism’: political identity and action amongst livorno fans (Doidge, 2013)

Contesting the ‘authentic’ community: Far-right spatial strategy and everyday responses in an era of crisis (Ince, 2011)

Articles on Fascism
1920-1945

The Swastika and the Shamrock: British Fascism and the Irish Question, 1918-1940 (Douglas, 1997)

Opposition to the New Party: an incipient anti-fascism or a defence against ‘Mosleyitis’? (Copsey, 2009)

“Apostles of Fascism,” “Communist Clergy,” and the UAW: Political Ideology and Working-Class Religion in Detroit, 1919–1945 (Pehl, 2012)

1946-1959
1960-1979

Ulster Unionists in America, 1972-1985 (Wilson, 2007)

Shot By Both Sides: Punk, Politics and the End of ‘Consensus’ (Worley, 2012)

1980 – date

Patterns of Racism: Interviews with National Front Members (Billig, 1978)

Extreme music for extreme people? Norwegian black metal and transcendent violence (Phillipov, 2011)

Voice of our blood: National Socialist discourses in black metal (Olson, 2011)

Continental Divide: Immigration and the New European Right (Rosenthal, 2011) 

Visions of Hate: Explaining Neo-Nazi Violence in the Russian Federation (Arnold, 2010)

Anti-Zionism and the Italian Extreme Right (Chiarini, 2008)

Right-Extremism in Germany: Recruitment of New Members (Braunthal, 2008)

At the Roots of the New Right-Wing Extremism in Portugal: The National Action Movement, 1985-1991 (Marchi, 2010)

Australian Fascism? A Revisionist Analysis of the Ideology of the New Guard (Cunningham, 2012)

Colin Jordan’s ‘Merrie England’ and ‘Universal Nazism’ (Jackson, 2011)

The EDL: Britain’s New Far Right Social Movement (Jackson, 2011)

Negotiating White Power Activist Stigma (Simi, 2009)

The Nationalist Party of America: Right-Wing Activism and Billy Roper’s White Revolution (Dentice, 2011)

Computer-Mediated False Consensus: Radical Online Groups, Social Networks and News Media (Wojcieszak, 2011)